The Scottish Parliament has banned the use of animals in circuses. It is the first nation in the UK to do so in a unanimous vote.

Animal Defenders International (ADI) has congratulated the Scottish Parliament for voting through the ban at the final Stage 3 debate for The Wild Animals in Travelling Circuses (Scotland) Bill, which now awaits Royal Assent.

Jan Creamer, president of ADI, said: “The public called for a ban, and the Scottish Government and Parliament listened, banishing travelling circuses with wild animals forever. Meanwhile, England continues to sit on its hands, and a bill nearly five years old – no more delays, it’s time to stop circus suffering.”

The Wild Animals in Travelling Circuses (Scotland) Bill was introduced in May 2017 following a government consultation, held in January 2014 but the findings of which were not published until June 2015, which revealed a huge distaste for such acts amongst the public. 98% of respondents backed a ban, mirroring the findings of a similar consultation undertaken by the UK government and public opinion polls in Scotland and the UK over many years, demonstrating the continuing and overwhelming opposition there is to these acts.

Although there are currently no wild animal circuses based in Scotland they have visited in the past. There was an outcry when Thomas Chipperfield brought his lions and tigers to overwinter at a farm near Fraserburgh in 2014, ADI revealing the conditions in which the animals were forced to live.

Given the constant travel and their temporary nature, circuses cannot provide animals with adequate facilities to keep them physically or psychologically healthy. Welfare is inevitably compromised. Animals in circuses can also be subjected to brutal training methods and violence – wherever ADI has conducted an undercover investigation in the UK and around the world it has documented acts of abuse.

The continued use of wild animals in circuses is opposed by animal welfare experts, animal protection groups, politicians and a huge majority of the public.

Expert analysis of scientific evidence undertaken by Professor Stephen Harris at Bristol University last year concluded that “life for wild animals in travelling circuses…does not appear to constitute either a ‘good life’ or a ‘life worth living."

More than 40 countries around the world have introduced prohibitions on animals in circuses to date and opinion polls consistently show that the public remains overwhelmingly opposed to wild animal acts, with a high proportion against all animal acts.

In England, the government has stated that it remains committed to a ban but has given no indication as to when the legislation, drafted and scrutinised back in 2013, will be introduced. In Wales, the findings from a government consultation on mobile animal exhibits and whether a ban on wild animals in circuses should be considered will be published in the New Year.

In November, the Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine Michael Creed TD signed regulations banning the use of wild animals in circuses in Ireland.