Save hedgehogs and other wildlife from suffering this bonfire season urges the British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS).

A simple way to reduce the likelihood of killing wildlife with a bonfire is to build it the day it is to be lit.

Fay Vass, chief executive of BHPS, said: “If material is stored on open ground in advance of having a bonfire, it’s crucial to dismantle it and move it to another spot just before lighting. Ensure it’s moved to clear ground, never on top of a pile of leaves as there could be a hedgehog underneath and not too close to pampas grass which can ignite very easily and is another favourite spot for hedgehogs to hide under.”

If a large bonfire must be built in advance, protect it whilst building by putting some chicken wire, at least one-metre-high, all the way around the bottom. This should be held in place with stakes and the wire should slope outwards at an angle to make it difficult to climb, as hedgehogs climb well. In case you have missed anything, light the fire from one side only and keep people away from the unlit side so that any hedgehogs can hopefully escape in peace.

If, whilst building, a bonfire is left unattended for however short a time, it’s imperative to check for young children, hedgehogs and other animals including family pets before lighting. As hedgehogs tend to hide in the centre and bottom two feet of the bonfire, check by gently lifting the bonfire section by section with a pole or broom. Never use a spade or fork as these can stab them. Using a torch will help to see and listen for a hissing sound, as this is the noise they make when disturbed.

Ms Vass said: “If hedgehogs are found, take as much of the nest as you can and place them in a high-sided cardboard or plastic box with plenty of newspaper or old towelling. Ensure there are air holes in the lid and that the lid is secured firmly to the box, as hedgehogs climb are great climbers. Wear garden gloves so as not to get human smells on them and to keep them calm as hedgehogs are easily stressed. Gloves also protect hands from their spikes. Put the box in a safe quiet place such as a shed or garage well away from the festivities, offer specialist hedgehog food, meaty cat or dog food and water. Once the bonfire is totally dampened down, release the hedgehog under a hedge, bush or behind a stack of logs.”